word listings Common Farmfolio and Agribusiness Concepts

Glossary

Gene the DNA code in the cells of all living things; they determine physical characteristics such as fur color
Grade classification system of food quality
Grange an organization of farmers that provides support and plans social functions
Grass a type of plant with jointed stems, slender flat leaves and spike like flowers such as corn and wheat
Green manure a type of cover crop that is selected to increase soil fertility, most often for its contribution of nitrogen, because this is often the most limiting nutrient. Green manure crops are therefore often legumes.
Green Revolution Beginning in the 1960s, the "Green Revolution" became an important technological approach to farming, introduced as a way of increasing production of wheat, rice and maize to meet the needs of growing populations. The technological approach is based on input packages designed by agricultural scientific research centres. The package included new high-yielding seed varieties (to replace indigenous varieties) together with chemical inputs (pesticides, herbicides and fertilisers) and better irrigation, and allowed for the development of more intensive, monoculture-based agriculture.
Greenhouse gases These are carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane. Scientists have concluded that human activities (including agriculture) that increase greenhouse gas concentrations have contributed to the current increase in the planet's temperature - known as "Global warming" or Climate change
Grit the inside of a corn kernel exposed after the outer covering, or hull, is removed
Groundwater water held underground that has seeped through soil layers and bedrock