word listings Common Farmfolio and Agribusiness Concepts

Glossary

Natural farming Based on the teachings of Masanobu Fukuoka, the essence of this method is to reproduce natural conditions as closely as possible. It calls for a farming system that does not require weeding, pesticides, chemical fertilizers or tillage. Biodiversity and always keeping the ground covered are important tenets.
Net forest loss takes into account both how much forest is removed as well as how much new forest is planted. The ten countries with the largest net forest loss per year between 2000 and 2005 (at 8.2 million hectares per year) are found in the tropics (Brazil, Indonesia, Sudan, Myanmar, Zambia, United Republic of Tanzania, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zimbabwe, and Venezuela). While the ten countries with the largest net forest gain per year between 2000 and 2005 (at 5.1 million ha per year) are found in all regions: China, Spain, Vietnam, USA, Italy, Chile, Cuba, Bulgaria, France and Portugal (UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). 2007. GEO4 Global Environment Outlook: Environment for Development, Progress Press, Ltd, Malta)
No till a method of growing grain when the farmer does not plow the field before planting
Nodule a swelling on the root of a legume that contains bacteria that fix nitrogen from the air
Nutrients nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, and minerals that plants need to grow